Towards the end of 1827 revival was also occurring among the Congregationalists of Brynmawr, Monmouthshire under the ministry of David Stephenson. When he began his ministry there in 1823 the membership had stood at 22. During the following few years there were gradual additions to membership and the congregations grew in number. By 1827 the small building near Nantyglo works which they used had become too small. A new chapel was built about a mile away in Brynmawr and named Rehoboth. It was finally opened in November of that year. The revival had already begun, and eight members were ready to be received into membership. On the communion Sunday David Stephenson said to each in turn, ‘I give you the right hand of fellowship in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.’ But after the seventh, he returned to the communion table. One of the deacons whispered to him his mistake, and he came back, took hold of the eighth person’s hand and said, ‘I receive you also in the name of the Trinity of persons.’ At which the whole congregation broke out in rejoicing. ‘In these heavenly emotions they made the move to the new chapel, and the revival continued there for close to three years.’ Each month from ten to thirty would frequently be received into membership, so that at the start of 1832 there were 250 on the membership roll.
W. Jenkins & E. Evans, “Coffadwrieath [sic] y Cyfiawn,” sef Cofiant y Diweddar Parch. D. Stephenson, o Rehoboth, Brynmawr, a Berea, ger Nantyglo(Brynmawr, 1851), pp. 47-56; HEAC, i, pp. 107-108.
1849 South Wales. Thomas Rees’s account:
THE GREAT REVIVAL IN SOUTH WALES IN 1849.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE CHRISTIAN WITNESS.
Some months ago, on the suggestion of my excellent friend, Mr Joseph Maybery, of Llanelly, I wrote to the ministers of those churches which were most signally blessed with these awakenings, for the numbers added to their churches during the year, intimating my intention of publishing the account in one of the periodicals. The following is a list of as many of the churches as furnished me with the numbers added to them. If you will insert it in the CHRISTIAN WITNESS, it will undoubtedly be pondered over with gratification. by thousands of your pious readers, and will also be transmitted to future generations as a memorial of the gracious dealings of God with our highly privileged nation:-
Churches Numbers added Ministers
in 1849 Brynmawr 409 W. Jenkins.
Berea, ditto 300 Vacant.
Beaufort 396 T. Rees.
Saron, Ebbw Vale 180 T. Jeffreys.
The foregoing list is, of course, imperfect, as it scarcely contains one-half of the churches which were blessed by the wonderful revival of last year. It is supposed that from 1,200 to 1,500 persons were added to the nine Congregational churches in the parish of Merthyr Tydvil, and at least 1,000 to the churches in Carmarthenshire besides those in the above list, such as Llandovery, Llangadock, Llandilo, Carmarthen, Llanelli, &c.
One very peculiar feature of this wonderful movement was the great numbers of converts who pressed together, at the same time, to the anxious meetings. In some localities meetings for conversing with the awakened were held every evening throughout the week, and sometimes oftener; and from twenty to thirty individuals were examined at each meeting. Mr Hughes, of Dowlais, gave the right hand of fellowship to two hundred and forty persons the same Sabbath morning, on their admission to the Lord’s Supper; and your correspondent had the soul-cheering gratification of doing the same to two hundred and ten on the 28th of October last.
These gracious visitations of the Spirit of God were not confined to the Congregational churches. Some thousands were added to the Baptist churches in the counties of Monmouth and Glamorgan, and great numbers joined the Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodist Societies in some localities.
Many good warmhearted old Christians had their doubts of the reality of these movements, because they were not attended by loud cries, promiscuous singing, jumping, &c., as some former revivals were; but the audible groans of hundreds and the floods of tears shed under the preaching of the word, clearly manifested some strong inward feelings, which the eloquence or the schemes of man could not effect; and what is still a more convincing proof that it was a work of the Spirit of God, the thousands of young converts, with comparatively rare exceptions, are walking worthy of their holy profession.
It will be readily acknowledged that the terrible visitation of the Cholera was principally the means of arousing the attention of our hearers to consider seriously the important truths with which they were already theoretically acquainted; but who will venture to deny that the Lord had mercifully ordained this awful scourge as the means of accomplishing his gracious purpose of saving thousands?
The mighty movements are not felt now as they were eight or nine months ago in any place, but things wear a very encouraging aspect. Almost all the churches are peaceful; the attendance on the means of grace is unparalleled in the history of religion amongst us; our youth manifest great thirst for religious knowledge; our Sabbath-schools are very flourishing; a number of pious and talented young men are preparing for the ministry; and many of the young ministers who were ordained within the last six years are very active and promising.
The Welsh are now one of the most religious nations on the face of the earth. Nine-tenths of the middle and working classes are either professors of religion or constant attendants on the means of grace. Evangelical religion in Wales has the public opinion decidedly in its favour. But, alas! we are, as a nation, after all, very far from what we ought to be. Sin and Satan are still amongst us, and the time is not yet come for the people of God to take their rest. May the Spirit of the Lord continue to pour his blessings upon us, and may his mighty power be felt amongst the millions of England, and throughout the whole wide world!
I am, Dear Sir,
Yours in the bonds of the Gospel,
Beaufort, near Abergavenny,
May 7, 1850.’
(The Christian Witness, vii (1850), pp.315-6, reprinted in Rees, Miscellaneous Papers, pp.93-6)
‘The year 1849 was a year of singular judgments and mercies to the inhabitants of South Wales. That terrible pestilence, cholera, swept hundreds away in a few weeks, and by the Divine blessing which attended the awful visitation, thousands were brought to think of their ways and turn to the Lord. All the places of worship in the manufacturing districts of the counties of Monmouth and Glamorgan for some months during the summer and autumn were overcrowded. Multitudes who had not been seen at any place of worship during the previous ten or fifteen years, became regular attendants for a time; and though many of them, when the pestilence ceased, returned to their former evil habits, still a large number of that class have been thoroughly changed, and continue to this day to attend the house of God. Most of those who were regular hearers before then joined the churches. No less than 9,139 were added to 67 Independent churches in the counties of Monmouth, Glamorgan, Brecknock, and Caermarthen, in the course of three or four months. Many feared that an unusual number of relapses would follow this sudden increase, but their fears were not realized to nearly the extent it was apprehended.’ (HPNW p.430)
This information was kindly provided by Geraint Jones
There was an increase of 409 in the congregation from the revival and probably a proportional increase in the other churches in the town.